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Theresienstadt (or Terezin) was unique within the Nazi camp system as it was both a concentration camp and a ghetto. It also served a third purpose of a transit camp for those being deported from Western Europe to the killing centres in the East. Theresienstadt was important for propaganda for the Nazis, as it staged a public visit by the International Red Cross in June 1944. Deportations from Theresienstadt to the East began in 1942. Around 140,000 Jews were sent to Theresienstadt. Around 90,000 were then sent to the extermination camps in the East and around 33,000 died in the camp itself.